Liver tumors can be categorized as primary and secondary.
- Primary tumors are those arising in the liver.
- Secondary tumors are those starting in different organs and spread to the liver.
As liver receives a regular supply of body from other organs, making it a prevalent site for metastasis. Secondary liver tumors are more prevalent compared to those arising from the liver itself.
Primary tumors of the liver are of two types, benign and malignant
- Hepatic adenoma
- Biliary cystadenoma
- Infantile hemangioendothelioma
- Fibrous nodular Hyperplasia
Malignant primary tumor
- Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (The most common liver malignancy)
- Biliary cystadenocarcinoma
- Fibrolamellar carcinoma
- CECT abdomen
- Wilson disease
- Hepatitis B, C
- Membranous obstruction of IVC
Diagnosis of Hepatocellular carcinoma includes an increased level of Alfa-fetoprotein in the liver.
CT or MRI findings reveal liver with arterial lesions in combination with venous washout
- Radiofrequency ablation
- Transarterial chemoembolization
- Transarterial Radioembolization
- Liver transplantation
- Percutaneous acetic acid injection
- Oral sorafenib