Alcoholic liver disease

Alcohol is the known toxin for the liver, and is one of the most common cause of end stage liver disease

Safe limit for alcohol
There is no safe limit for alcohol, however evidence suggest that men who takes 40-80 gm of alcohol, and women who take 20-40 gm of alcohol daily for more than 10 years are at risk for significant liver disease
Spectrum of disease

  • Fatty liver
  • Steatohepatitis
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Cirrhosis

Symptoms of alcoholic liver disease are

  • Heaviness in upper abdomen
  • Jaundice
  • Abdomen distension
  • Pedal edema
  • GI bleed
  • Altered behavior

Treatment is

  •  
  • Stopping alcohol
  • Food rich in calories and proteins
  • Multivitamins
  • UDCA, silymarin, steroids and pentoxifylline have shown benefit in appropriately selected patient population

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