Gall bladder stone

Gall bladder stone

Gall bladder stones are generally identified on ultrasonography.

Risk factors

  • Parenteral nutrition
  • Middle-aged female
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Diseases of the ileum
  • Medications such as ceftriaxone, and estrogen


Gall bladder stones can remain asymptomatic and usually diagnosed by routine ultrasonography. The symptoms include:

  • Upper abdominal pain
  • Jaundice
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Stone may reach the bile duct resulting in fever, and jaundice
  • Stones may pass down, resulting in pancreatic duct blockage and causes pancreatitis
  • Large stone (>3cm) increase the risk of gall bladder cancer


  • Trans abdominal Ultrasonography is the most common diagnostic approach for gall bladder stones
  • Endoscopic ultrasonography is indicated for small sized gall bladder stones


  • Medical therapy is not the most effective approach. Surgery is the most suitable treatment.
  • Immediate surgical intervention is indicated for symptomatic gall bladder stones
  • Asymptomatic stone should be followed up regularly. Gall bladder stones (3 cm) require operation.
  • ERCP is indicated for stones passed in CBD
Emergency Cases

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In case of any emergency, you can directly call us on the given number and visit our clinic.

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