Esophageal cancer is the most common tumor affecting esophagus
- More common in male
- Gastroesophageal reflux
- Barrett’s esophagus
- Dysphagia (higher risk for solid than liquids)
- Weight loss
- Diagnosis requires confirmation by endoscopy and biopsy.
- Other essential tests include CECT, PET, EUS with or without FNA for determining the staging of esophageal cancer.
- The best treatment approach for early esophageal cancer is surgery
- Advanced cancers are treated by chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgical intervention.
- For metastatic disease, a stent can be placed in the esophagus for management of dysphagia