Dysphagia

Dysphagia is difficulty in swallowing of food which occurs due to various esophageal disorders
 
Common causes of dysphagia are
  • Esophageal stricture
  • Peptic stricture
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Achalasia
  • Esophageal web
  • Extrinsic compression of compression by lymph nodes
Diagnosis
Following test are required for diagnosis
  • Endoscopy
  • Barium swallow
  • Esophageal manometry
  • CECT chest
Treatment depends upon the cause and includes
  • Endoscopy and dilatation for stricture
  • Stent placement for malignancy
  • Balloon dilatation and medications for Achalasia


Metal Stent placed for Esophageal cancer

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