Esophageal Stricture & Web

Esophageal stricture
Esophageal stricture are narrowing of esophageal lumen resulting in dysphagia

Causes of esophageal stricture are

  • Ingestion of acid or alkali
  • Post surgery
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Drug induced
  • Tuberculosis
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Dysphagia and weight loss


  • Dysphagia for solids is the predominant symptom


  • Diagnosis is established by endoscopy and biopsy


  • Treatment is endoscopic dilatation, surgery and medical therapy depending upon the underlying cause.


Esophageal webs 
Esophageal webs are membranes in the esophageal lumen, and are mostly seen in upper esophagus


  • Webs may be asymptomatic or may lead to dysphagia


  • Treatment is endoscopic dilatation


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